It is a pleasure to welcome you to the Imperial & Global Forum, the blog of the Centre for Imperial and Global History at the History Department, University of Exeter. In it, contributors will tackle the controversies of empire and globalization, past and present. So please be sure to follow along, join in the discussion, and give us feedback on the blog, on Twitter, and on Facebook.
We are one of the largest UK research groups working on the history of modern empires and their importance for understanding the making of our contemporary world. If you go to our Centre website you will find more details about the range of staff involved, the variety of countries they study, and the work they have recently published. You will also be able to learn more of some of the major collaborative projects that are supported by the Centre, the particular colleagues who are involved in them, and the impact they are having within and beyond the academic world.
The diversity of our interests is reflected in the diversity of the research we produce, but several conceptual and methodological threads connect us together, ones we hope will make a wider contribution to rethinking and reframing imperial histories. These include:
* The relationship between globalization’s past and globalization’s present, and our argument that the globalizing forces of empire are fundamental to understanding this relationship
* Comparing and connecting empires, moving beyond the view of empires as quintessentially competitive and conflicting, to explore the idea of ‘co-imperialism’ – the fields of co-operation and collaboration between colonial powers that supported and sustained colonial rule
* Regions in a global context: diasporas, migration, and regions are in many ways the building blocks for global history, and here we show how by paying more attention to large scale regional configurations we can better understand the histories of imperial and nation states, and the dramatic shift from the one to the other during the twentieth century
* Histories of humanitarianism and human rights, and the importance of non-Western as well as Western perspectives upon the ways in which they became entangled with the end of empire, the Cold War and the rise of international and intergovernmental organisations
* Law and colonialism, where we examine the development of languages and systems of law in colonial contexts, and the legal processes at work in colonial states
* The value of ‘political economy’ as a prism through which we can look afresh at the motivations and modalities of imperial states, in particular the interplay between different forms of power — economic, cultural, and ideological — that are often viewed in isolation from each other
* Europe, Decolonisation, and the legacies of empire, where we seek to re-open one of the biggest questions facing the twentieth-century historian, namely the causes and consequences of the transition from the colonial to the post-colonial state
There are a number of symposia, workshops and conferences coming up during the next twelve months that will bring groups of us together to address and advance the above themes. If you are interested in attending any of these events please contact their organisers. We also have a large group of doctoral and postdoctoral students, so if you would be interested in studying with us, or in having Exeter host you on an externally funded postdoctoral scholarship, please feel free to contact us.
Finally, allow me briefly to introduce the Centre staff:
Professor Andrew Thompson (Centre Director & Chair in History). My research focuses on the relationships between British, Imperial and Global histories. My recent publications include Empire and Globalisation: Networks of People, Goods and Capital in the British World, 1850-1914 (Cambridge, 2010) (co-authored book with economist Gary Magee); Writing Imperial Histories (Manchester University Press, 2013); Empire, Migration and Identity in the British World (Manchester University Press, 2013); and Britain’s Experience of Empire in the Twentieth Century (Oxford University Press, 2012).
Dr. Nandini Chatterlee, who works on law and cultural exchanges in the British and Mughal empires – with particular attention to religious identities, family formation, and the styling of selves. Along with articles in such journals as the American Historical Review and the Journal of Law and Religion, her most recent book is The Making of Indian Secularism: Empire, Law and Christianity, 1830-1960 (Palgrave Macmillan, 2011).
Dr. Gareth Curless, an ESRC Future Research Leader whose research focuses on the history of labour and trade unions in the British Empire, also with a broader interest in conflict and state building in post-colonial Africa. His doctoral thesis examined the emergence of organised labour activism in Sudan, aspects of which have appeared in Civil Wars and the Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History. He is also co-convener with Dr. Stacey Hynd of the Global & Imperial History Network for early career scholars.
Dr. Robert Fletcher, a historian of the imperial and global past, whose research brings together the histories of imperialism, nomadic societies and desert environments in the 19th and 20th centuries. His book on the subject, British Imperialism and ‘the Tribal Question’: desert administration and nomadic societies in the Middle East, 1919-1939, is forthcoming with Oxford University Press. Follow on Twitter @rsgfletcher
Dr. Stacey Hynd, whose broad interests lay in African gender histories, violence and warfare in Africa, and in imperial and global history. Alongside her many publications, her current book project is entitled Imperial Gallows: Capital Punishment, Violence and Colonial Rule in British Africa, c. 1908-68. She is also co-convener with Dr. Gareth Curliss of the Global & Imperial History Network for early career scholars.
Dr. Justin Jones, a historian of the religious, social and political history of South Asia since c.1800, namely colonial India, and postcolonial India and Pakistan. His publications include Shi’a Islam in Colonial India: Religion, Community and Sectarianism (Cambridge University Press, 2012), and The politics of work, family and community in India (Cambridge University Press, 2010).
Dr. Tehyun Ma, a historian of modern China and Taiwan, with a broad interest in the ideas and techniques of state-building and propaganda in republican China and Taiwan. Her work has examined the takeover of Taiwan in 1945 and its first decade of rule under the Chinese Nationalist government. Her current research project focuses on the transnational connections in shaping the rehabilitation and reconstruction of China after the Sino-Japanese War of 1947-1945.
Professor James Mark, whose research addresses the social and cultural history of state socialism in central-eastern Europe and the politics of memory, and who aims to connect the region to broader global histories and processes through transnational and comparative methods. His The Unfinished Revolution: Making Sense of the Communist Past in Central-Eastern Europe (Yale University Press, 2010) was shortlisted for the Longman History Today Book Prize, and chosen as one of the ‘best books of 2011′ by Foreign Affairs.
Dr. Marc-William Palen, (Blog Editor), specialises in the intersection of British and American imperialism within the broader history of globalization since c. 1846. His publications include articles in Diplomatic History, and the Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History. He is also a Research Associate in U.S. Foreign Policy at the U.S. Studies Centre, University of Sydney. Follow on Twitter @MWPalen
Dr. Catriona Pennell, a historian of 19th and 20th century British and Irish history with a particular focus on the social and cultural history of the First World War and British imperial activity in the Middle East since the 1880s. Her most recent book is A Kingdom United: Popular Responses to the Outbreak of the First World War in Britain and Ireland (Oxford University Press, 2012).
Dr. David Thackeray, whose current AHRC-funded research explores Britain’s global trade relationships, the idea of ‘Britishness’, and how these ideas were challenged by an increased globalisation of trade, decolonisation, and the competing appeal of cosmopolitanism. His most recent book is Conservatism for the democratic age: Conservative cultures and the challenge of mass politics in early twentieth century England (Manchester University Press, 2013). Follow on Twitter @d_thackeray
Professor Martin Thomas, currently working on the causes and consequences of the collapse of French and British colonial empires in Africa and Asia, and is interested in patterns of decolonization and the incidence or avoidance of colonial conflict after 1918. His most recent book is Violence and Colonial Order: Police, Workers and Protest in the European Colonial Empires, 1918-40 (Cambridge University Press, 2012).
Professor Richard Toye, who specialises in British and international political and economic history in the period since 1867. His most recent books include The Roar of the Lion: The Untold Story of Churchill’s World War II Speeches (Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2013), and Churchill’s Empire: The World That Made Him and the World He Made (Macmillan, 2010). Follow on Twitter @RichardToye